Archived Articles

Did The Poles Begin To Shift
In 2000 To 2001 A.D.?


Will Humanity Yet See The Historically-Unprecedented
Earth Changes Predicted In Edgar Cayce's Readings?


Several historical forecasts of geophysical events, made by the psychic sources behind Cayce's readings, demonstrate far better predictive capabilities than could be accomplished by today's specialists in geophysics. There are many variables (and interactions between them) that are involved in predicting geophysical phenomena. Cayce's sources resorted to “time windows” to indicate when various events might be realized. And for the global-scale predictions of a shift in Earth's poles, a rather broad time-window, enhanced by warning “precursor events,” was used to indicate when the geophysical events would unfold.

Archangel Halaliel made the most credible predictions of coming Earth changes. His geophysical prerequisites for the predicted shift of the poles are falling into place, even as the beginning of the shift in 2000 to 2001 appears to have been somewhat delayed. We examine the planetary-scale evidence for the upcoming shift, and list a few pole-shift precursor events that we think may have already occurred. Only the Creative Forces of the Universe know exactly when the pole shift and associated Earth changes will commence. In the meantime, we can but watch, wait, and try to increase our understanding of what's going on -- geophysically and otherwise -- with our “little Earth.” When the currently slow-moving poles begin once again to accelerate, the historically unprecedented, catastrophic Earth changes will begin. This may happen sooner than some think. Thus, it seems wise to be prepared physically, mentally, and spiritually for the predicted new cycle of adjustments to the Earth and its environment.

Pole Shift Background Information

Every member of The Hutton Commentaries (THC) knows that Cayce reading 826-8, given in August 1936, predicted the beginning of a pole shift sometime during 2000 to 2001 A.D. Here is the relevant reading fragment, exactly as it appears on the CD-ROM for Cayce's readings.

(Q) What great change, or the beginning of what change, if any, is to take place in the Earth in the year 2000 to 2001 A.D.?

(A) When there is a shifting of the poles. [See Ledger Dispatch & Star, 7/20/59, Cambridge, Mass. (Science Service) MAGNETIC DIP POLE DRIFTING. Also see A.R.E. EARTH CHANGES booklet, 4/61.] Or a new cycle begins.

The words in brackets were added years after the typing of the stenographer's notes for Cayce's reading-session. But because the first note speaks of the drifting of the north magnetic pole, some researchers may have thought that the reading was referring to a shifting of the poles of Earth's geomagnetic field. This is very doubtful, however, as the magnetic pole is always drifting about, and any new reports of its drifting would hardly constitute a “great change.” Thus, a great change would begin to take place only if the poles of Earth's rotational axis were to shift, not the poles of the geomagnetic field.

Did The Poles Of Earth's Rotational Axis Begin
To Shift Significantly In 2000 To 2001?

Our answer is, “No, but they might begin to shift soon.” Here's what we know as of the date of this article (1/22/2002).

Evidence From The Observed Motion of The North Pole. In Figure 1, we have plotted the measured drift, or “wander” of the north pole for the period 1900 through 2001. The data points come from a web-published data set produced by the International Earth Rotation Service. The x, y data for pole positions can be found at the International Earth Rotation Service's FTP site. Note the relatively erratic swings and sometimes counter-trend motions of the pole from 1900 to about 1963.

Average Position of the North Pole from 1900 to 2000 Fig. 1. Wander of the North Pole of Earth's Rotation From 1900 Through 2000. Units are in Arc seconds. (0.1 Arc second = 10.127 ft, or 3.087 m). The inset shows the direction that we think the pole will travel (see black dot at each end of red arrow) and suggests that it will move about one degree to 89°N, 60°W.

In Figure 2 we have enlarged the scale of the graph to show more clearly the pole positions from 1970 through 2000. The pole positions are somewhat more precise for the period 1973-2000 due to improved astrometric measurement techniques that came into use in 1973. As inferred from the smoothed Hipparcos polar-motion data set for 1900.0 to 1992.0, Earth's rotation pole has drifted toward 79.2°W longitude. Some researchers believe that this estimate for the direction of the pole path “can be considered to be the present-day expression of true polar wander”.1When measured over the dataset for 1970 -2000 (see Fig. 2), however, the north-pole wander path is roughly down the 60°W longitude. Suppose that the rate of movement down the 60°W longitude suddenly were to accelerate, and then end up at 89°N. If that were to happen, the resulting Earth changes for such a 1° shift would match nearly all of those predicted in Cayce's readings. (See our article, “Calibrating The Hutton Commentaries' Model For a 1° Pole Shift to 89.0°N”). The inset on Figure 1 shows graphically the movement of the north pole to 89°N, 60°W.

Fig. 2. Annual Locations (dots) of Earth's North Pole of Rotation, for the Period 1970-2000. Units on the x and y axes are in arc seconds. (The indicated average path of the pole, down the 60°W longitude since 1970, is based on our “eyeball” estimate of best fit).

Note that the six-year interval from 1994 through 2000 shows a below-average rate of pole drift. It is as though the geophysical processes responsible for the movement of the pole have come up against some impediment. When this blocking of the crustal motion, that expresses itself as polar wander, is overcome, there may be expected to be a sudden renewed acceleration in the drift. If of sufficient magnitude, the unprecedented fast-moving pole drift will be termed a pole shift. The impediment to sliding of the crust and mantle over the core is Earth's equatorial bulge. This is explained in our article, A Small Pole Shift Can Produce Most, If Not All, of The Earth Changes In Cayce's Readings, under the heading, “How Can Polar Upheavals Cause Torrid-Area Volcanic Eruptions?”

As for our continuing analysis of the existing data base for motion of Earth's north pole, we were unable in 2000-2001 to find any sufficiently unusual motion to allow us to say, “Here's the evidence of pole motion that shows us that Earth's north pole is accelerating rapidly [or moving erratically].” Michael Mandeville believes that he has identified a “bump in the night in December 1998,” that was real. It “produced a definite longer term effect on polar motion which may have resulted in an acceleration of its progressive shifting…well over its long term average of about five inches.” He further thinks that there has been a sudden acceleration in the rate of the shifting of the average position of the poles, from five inches per year to perhaps as many as 39 inches total during the past two or three years.”

We have not been able to corroborate Mandeville's findings and detect instead a marked slowdown in the overall movement of the north pole since 1994. We await with anticipation, therefore, the latest data from the International Earth Rotation Service, for the x,y coordinates of the year-2001 mean pole position. This information may help resolve the differences between Mandeville's findings and ours.

Clues From Motions of the North Magnetic Pole? Can supporting evidence for the beginning of the predicted shift of the poles of Earth's rotational axis come also from the relatively rapid motion of the north magnetic pole prior to and during 2000-2001?

Specific changes in the drift velocity of the north magnetic pole allow scientists to infer something of the workings of Earth's outer core of super-hot, liquid iron. It is here that convection currents are responsible for generating the geomagnetic field. Scientific inferences are, at our present stage of understanding, amenable only to theoretical treatment as expressed via computerized numerical modeling. According to G. Glatzmaier, the leading numerical modeler of Earth's magnetism, variations in heat flow at the core-mantle boundary (CMB) induce a flow in the core, much like atmospheric circulation driven by differential solar heating of the Earth's surface. Although the calculations by Glatzmaier and his group are still crude approximations of the real Earth, they lend considerable support to the argument that the CMB region has an important role, and modeling results can be used to simulate conditions that might cause a magnetic reversal. By feeding varying temperature differences into the geomagnetic model, the intensity of the magnetic field was altered.

Inferences about the outer core and the CMB region are of value to us because readings 270-30 and 5748-6 speak of significant upheavals in the interior of the Earth in 1936. The most relevant reading goes as follows:

(Q) What will be the type and extent of the upheaval in '36?

(A) The wars, the upheavals in the interior of the Earth, and the shifting of same by the differentiation in the axis as respecting the positions from the Polaris center.

5748-6; July 1, 1932

Fig. 3. Movement of the Earth's North Magnetic Pole Over Time. Diagram constructed from data on the U. S. Geological Survey's (USGS's) website and from the Canadian Geological Survey's (CGS's) website. (Refer to the latter URL for a review of the history of the search for the north magnetic pole and how its position is determined and tracked). Note that the projected year-2005 position was made by the USGS.

It has been Hutton's hypothesis for many years that these upheavals - if they truly did begin in 1936, and continued over a period of 64 to 65 years -- could be responsible for changing the distribution of mass in the Earth by an amount sufficient to produce a pole shift in 2000 to 2001. Then, as we interpret the readings, catastrophic Earth changes would take place, during and after the shift. The nature of a one-degree pole shift sufficient to satisfy most of the readings'-predicted Earth changes are presented in two companion THC articles, “A Small Pole Shift Can Produce Most, If Not All, of The Earth Changes In Cayce's Readings” and “Calibrating The Hutton Commentaries' Model For a 1° Pole Shift to 89.0°N”.

As can be seen in Figure 3, the years 1958 to 1998 (of importance to the Cayce readings given below) show a mild acceleration in the speed of movement of the north magnetic pole. It's possible that 1958 to 1998 covered a period of deep-mantle or CMB responses to the upheavals in the interior of the Earth predicted for 1936. Such upheavals might also have been of sufficient magnitude to cause the axis of rotation of the inner core to shift slightly. Today, many seismologists believe that the rotational axis of the inner core is aligned 1 to 2 degrees away from the axis of rotation of the outer layers of the Earth.

According to L. Newitt (personal communication, 1/18/02), of the Canadian Geological Survey, since 1994 the movement of the north magnetic pole has been accelerating markedly. In 1994 it was moving at a speed of 15 km (9.3 mi.) per year. Today it is moving at more than twice that speed, or 40 km (25 mi.) per year. By contrast, in the 73 year period from 1831 to 1904 the north magnetic pole moved a little over 51 km (32 mi.) which works out to an average rate of 0.7 km (0.4 mi.) per year. Mr. Newitt indicates that the acceleration seems to be correlated with “jerks” in the geomagnetic field. A jerk is a rapid change, taking place over a year or two, in the worldwide variation of a specific component of the geomagnetic field. Geophysicists have now documented jerks centered around four years: 1925, 1969, 1978, and 1991. These jerks may reflect twisting of the geomagnetic field lines due to complex motions of the molten outer core.

Thus, the relatively long-term acceleration of the movement of the north magnetic pole is due to processes in the outer core and CMB regions. (Such overall long-term movement is not related to short-term effects of the Sun on our planet's geomagnetic field). Unfortunately, our state of knowledge relative to the specific effects of the geomagnetic field on polar motion is not comprehensive enough to draw further conclusions than those just presented.

Did A New Cycle Begin In 2000 To 2001?

What sort of a cycle was meant in reading 826-8? Is there any obvious evidence at this writing for the beginning of a new geophysical cycle? With the north magnetic pole racing into the high Canadian arctic could that be telling us something? And what about the intensity of the magnetic field in recent years?

Geophysicists know that there has been an overall decrease in Earth's dipole moment ever since people began taking geomagnetic-field intensity measurements. And they know too that worldwide magnetic-field intensity has been decreasing markedly over the last 20 to 30 years. Also, regions of low magnetic intensity move slowly over the globe's surface, something like the movement atmospheric low-pressure cells. One such relatively low magnetic-intensity region is currently over eastern North America. But does this or related information indicate the beginning of a new geophysical cycle?

A cyclical progression in almost any phenomenon here on Earth requires more than just a few observations to establish a clear trend. If a new cycle started last year it will take time for it to be perceived. Thus, either Cayce reading 826-8 was wrong, or the particulars of the pole shift and new cycle are too subtle for our perception. And this holds for the beginning of any other significant cycle, whether geopolitical, economic, or spiritual.

The matter of cycles and their relevance to a “readjusting” in the sphere of Earth, perhaps via pole shift and Earth changes, is touched upon in the following reading:

Q Is this the period [the 1930s] of the great tribulation spoken of in Revelation or just the beginning, and if so just how can we help ourselves and others to walk more closely with God?

A The great tribulation and periods of tribulation, as given, are the experiences of every soul, every entity. They arise from influences created by man through activity in the sphere of any sojourn. Man may become, with the people of the universe, ruler of any of the various spheres through which the soul passes in its experiences. Hence, as the cycles pass, as the cycles are passing, when there IS come a time, a period of readjusting in the spheres (as well as in the little Earth, the little soul) -- seek, then, as known, to present self spotless before that throne; even to that which is held by self as that necessary for the closer walk with Him. In that manner only may each atom (as man is an atom, or corpuscle, in the body of the Father) become a helpmeet with Him in bringing that to pass that all may be one with Him.



Background Information

The question about pole shift in reading 826-8 (above) came to “sleeping” Cayce out of the blue. It is not related in any way to subjects covered in Mr. 826's previous seven readings, to reading 826-8 itself, or to any of Mr. 826's later readings. It is worth noting, however, that in 826-8, Mr. 826 began to ask questions about astrological matters. Perhaps he had read something about a pole shift in 2000 to 2001, when doing his background reading on astrology. Or perhaps he had cast a horoscope for the Earth for 2000-2001 and was looking for verification of his findings.

A key point to remember when trying to understand reading 826-8 is that the time frame given for the shift does not provide for any fudge factors, like the “on or about” qualifier that was used in reading 195-32 discussed above. Cayce was asked to indicate, according to constraints imposed by the questioner, what great change, or the beginning of what change was to take place in the Earth in the timeframe of 2000 to 2001 A.D. The answer, for reasons unknown, was rather crisp. It did not say, “Around this time, the poles will shift.” One might infer, however, that Cayce's source might have not wanted to get into the matter of answering this “out of the box” question in any detail. While it is always possible, I suppose, that the “or” in “Or a new cycle begins” could mean that a new cycle is an alternative to a shifting of the poles, this seems doubtful because of the context given in readings 3976-15 and 378-16 just below. These readings indicate that there will be a shifting of the poles shortly after 1998.

We'll begin our analysis of what might have gone wrong with the 826-8 shift forecast by citing next four additional readings that correlate to a degree with 826-8's pole-shift prediction, but for the generalized time frame of 1998 and beyond. (Words shown in bold are those emphasized by Hutton. Words shown in brackets are those that he has added for clarification).

(Q) Three hundred years ago Jacob Boehme decreed Atlantis would rise again at this crisis time when we cross from this Piscean Era into the Aquarian. Is Atlantis rising now? Will it cause a sudden convolution and about what year?

(A) In 1998 we may find a great deal of the activities as have been wrought by the gradual changes that are coming about. These are at the periods when the cycle of the solar activity, or the years as related to the sun's passage through the various spheres of activity become the change between the Piscean and the Aquarian age. This [Atlantis rising] is a gradual, not a cataclysmic activity in the experience of the Earth in this period.

1602-3; September 22, 1939

[Note here with respect to “the cycle of the solar activity becoming paramount,” that NASA announced on January 18, 2002, that the present solar cycle would in all probability display a double peak. NASA's solar scientists had originally projected a single-peak cycle. The first peak (in the sunspot cycle) appeared in April 2000. The second peak is projected to occur this year. If such does occur, it will constitute another striking confirmation of a readings' prediction for the present period].

As to the changes physical again: The Earth will be broken up in the western portion of America. The greater portion of Japan must go into the sea. The upper portion of Europe will be changed as in the twinkling of an eye. Land will appear off the east coast of America. There will be the upheavals in the Arctic and in the Antarctic that will make for the eruption of volcanoes in the torrid areas, and there will be shifting then of the poles - so that where there has been those of a frigid or the semi-tropical will become the more tropical, and moss and fern will grow. And these will begin in those periods in '58 to '98, when these will be proclaimed as the periods when His light will be seen again in the clouds. As to times, as to seasons, as to places, ALONE it is given to those who have named the name - and who bear the mark of those of His calling and His election in their bodies. To them it shall be given.

3976-15; January 19, 1934

In the record chambers [in Egypt] there were more ceremonies than in calling the peoples at the finishing of that called the pyramid. For, here those that were trained in the Temple of Sacrifice, as well as in the Temple Beautiful, were about the sealing of the record chambers. For these were to be kept as had been given by the priests in Atlantis or Poseidia...when the records of the race, of the developments, of the laws pertaining to One were put in their chambers and to be opened only when there was the returning of those into materiality, or to Earth's experience, when the change was imminent in the Earth; which change, we see, begins in '58 and ends with the changes wrought in the upheavals and the shifting of the poles, as begins then the reign in '98 (as time is counted in the present) of those influences that have been given by many in the records that have been kept by those sojourners in this land of the Semitic peoples.

378-16; October 29,1933

Timing of the Pole Shift and Earth Changes
According to Cayce's Psychic Sources

The following reading is insightful with respect to the matter of timing in the readings.

(Q) Regarding the general world conditions, is it likely that changes in the earth's surface in the Mediterranean area will stop Italy's campaign against Ethiopia?

(A) Not at THIS particular period. This may EVENTUALLY be a portion of the experience, but not just yet.

(Q) When is this likely to occur?

(A) As to times and places and seasons, as it has indeed been indicated in the greater relationships that have been established by the prophets and sages of old - and especially as given by Him, "As to the day and the hour, who knoweth? NO ONE, save the Creative Forces."

416-7; October 7, 1935

Precision In The Readings' Predictions Of Geophysical Events

A measure of the ability of Cayce's psychic source, or sources, to predict earthquakes, “tidal waves,” and atmospheric storms can be found in the following reading fragments. These readings deal with a window of time on or about October 15-20, 1926.

As for the weather conditions, and the effect same will produce on various portions of the Earth's sphere, and this in its relation to the conditions in the world appear the strongest on or about October 15th to 20th -- when there may be expected in the minds, the actions -- not only of individuals, but in various quarters of the globe, destructive conditions as well as building. In the affairs of men, many conditions will arise that will be very, very strange to the world at present -- in religion, in politics, in the moral conditions, and in the attempt to curb or change such, see? For there will be set in motion [that indicating] when prohibition will be lost in America, see? Violent wind storms -- two earthquake, one occurring in California, another occurring in Japan -- tidal waves following, one to the southern portion of the isles near Japan.

195-32, August 27, 1926

No one had asked Cayce about disastrous weather or the end of Prohibition in this reading. All of the information above was given spontaneously at the end of the reading. Five days later, in a follow-up reading, Cayce was asked:

Q In reading given on August 27th, regarding weather, where in California will earthquake predicted for October 15th - 20th be the worst? Will there be a tidal wave at that period, or where in California?

A Tidal wave being, as is given, in the Far East, the earthquake being in lower California, see?

195-33, September 1, 1926

How did Cayce's predictions compare with actual events at this period? The violent windstorms predicted in the first reading certainly did occur within the approximate time-frame specified ("on or about October 15th to 20th"). According to the Monthly Weather Review for October 1926, "October was an exceptionally stormy month and the number of days with gales was considerably above the normal over the greater part of the [North Atlantic] ocean. Several tropical disturbances occurred during the month, three of which were of slight intensity, but the storm that created such havoc in Cuba on the 20th was one of the most severe on record." In the vicinity of the Kuril Islands, "the westerly winds increased to hurricane force on the 14th and 15th...” Reports from ships in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands "indicate three and probably four violent storms [typhoons] during the early part of October, 1926." According to the Indian Weather Review,"a moderate storm occurred the 15th to 18th of October in the Andaman Sea." All told, this was an excellent prediction of the occurrence of "violent wind storms" for the time frame specified in the reading.

With respect to the earthquake predictions, the California quake of October 22, 1926, was composed of two, magnitude 6 shocks located just offshore of Monterey at about 36.58 N, 122.2 W. This double-quake's epicenter was located slightly south of an east-west line dividing California in two across its middle. Technically speaking then, it did occur in lower California. (Note that in the context of readings 195-32 and 33 above, Lower [capital "L"] California was not meant. And, if Cayce had meant Lower California, he would most likely have said "Baja California," or "California in Mexico.")

The October 22 quake was perceptible over probably 100,000 square miles and an isoseismal map of earthquake intensities shows that the area bounded by a line from Half Moon Bay east to Hayward, southward to San Jose and to King City, and then westward to the ocean, was subjected to Intensity VI+ on the Modified Mercalli scale. Such an intensity is "felt by all" in the area and may overthrow unstable objects, move heavy furniture, and cause slight damage to plaster and chimneys. An area experiencing Intensity V effects extended eastward of the Intensity VI contour and was bounded on the north and east by an isoseismal line running from Fallon to Vacaville to Stockton to Turlock and on into south-central lower California.

Note also that the previous strong California shock to the one of October 22, 1926, was on July 25, 1926, and the following one was on January 1, 1927. Thus, the October 22 earthquake occurred within the time window specified by the reading; that is, "on or about October 15th to 20th."

The strongest shock in Japan, occurring on or about the 15th to 20th, 1926, was recorded on October 19. This was a magnitude 6 quake, as calibrated by the Japanese Meteorological Agency. It was an undersea shock whose epicenter was just off the southern tip of Hokkaido, at 41.666°N, 143.006°E. Considering that some experts now view earthquakes as a classic example of a chaotic system, and that many of the nation's leading seismologists now think that earthquake predictions are inherently unpredictable," the Cayce source did a very respectable job of predicting the general time and place for each of the quakes in California and Japan. Some have suggested that the two quakes that occurred were too insignificant for Cayce even to have mentioned, and that the quake predictions therefore failed. But this seems to be a gratuitous argument. The passage quoted from reading 195-32 was meant to be a helpful psychic afterthought advanced to emphasize the turbulent nature of human psychology and mentation, and of the Earth's geophysical environment, that would be affecting the grain markets on or about October 15 - 20, 1926. The purpose was not to identify significant earthquakes, as some have conjectured.

No records of a tidal wave, in the sense of a tsunami, have been found for the period following the quake in Japan. In the 1926 era, however, people often referred to both seismic sea waves (tsunamis) and storm surges as “tidal waves.” Thus, there may have been a storm-induced tidal wave to the islands near Japan during the prediction window of “on or about October 15-20.” Hutton's search for records that might confirm such a tidal wave has been unproductive.

The undersea location of the epicenter of the Japanese quake, however, meets the first prerequisite for generation of a tsunami. If a tsunami did form, it may have been too small to be deemed worthy of being recorded in Heck's List of Seismic Sea Waves. Had such a small tsunami occurred, however, it could have affected the southern portions of Yezo (now Hokkaido) and associated smaller islands in the Kuriles near Japan. In spite of the foregoing speculation it is quite possible that, for reasons unknown, the tidal-wave prediction, in the sense of a tsunami-type "tidal wave," simply failed to materialize.

The next geophysical prediction to occur in a Cayce reading was given in 1928. It was for a man who lived near Atlanta, Georgia. The man had suffered for five years from the after effects of a bout of the flu. His reading advised him to get a "change of climate, change of scene, change of actions for the body." Cayce was asked:

Q Would the climate of San Diego, California, be beneficial to him and his family?

A That ABOVE San Diego would be more beneficial than that near to San Diego. Beware of the quakes as will occur there a little later on.

Q How soon will they occur?

A Eighteen months to two years.

4283-5; September 15, 1928

That 18-month to two-year time-window occurred between March 1 and September 30, 1930. A check of earthquakes that occurred in the area near to, and above, San Diego during this target period revealed a series of six minor quakes north or northeast of the San Diego city limits. None occurred within the city limits. The largest of the quakes occurred on May 12, 1930. There was a magnitude 4.0 ("felt" intensity) quake just east of Julian, about 35 miles northeast of San Diego. This was followed 13 hours later by a magnitude 4.2 (Intensity IV) quake near Ramona, some 20 miles north-northeast of the city limits.

Although the predicted seismicity occurred, these earthquakes would be mild to a quake-familiar native Californian. They could have been disconcerting, however, to a Georgian and his family, newly moved to the San Diego area. Perhaps Edgar Cayce, who had given this man five readings over a five-year period, felt it necessary to warn him of the quakes so that he would not feel let down by his psychic friend shortly after moving with his family to the West Coast.

Was the quake prediction by Cayce's psychic source an accurate one? Definitely so. A further check of all earthquakes occurring in and around San Diego was made for the period between October 1, 1928 -- or 15 days after reading 4283-5 was given -- and December 31, 1933. No magnitude 4, or intensity IV, earthquakes occurred between October 1, 1928, and the May 12, 1930, quakes in the area ABOVE San Diego. And none occurred there after May 12, 1930, until a magnitude 4 quake on June 23, 1932, of "felt" intensity.

Confirmations of the geophysical events predicted in the above reading fragments constitute an impressive track record for the source (or sources?) of the information provided in the readings. Two other reading fragments, that predict gradual flooding in northwestern and extreme southwestern Alabama, have not yet been realized. These readings (311-9 and 311-10) are conditional, however, and whether or not they will be realized may depend upon some sort of mass-consciousness effect on the geophysical environment in that state.

In concluding this section one can say that, for several historical geophysical forecasts, the psychic source(s) of Cayce's Earth-change readings demonstrated far better predictive capabilities than would today's specialists residing in government agencies or private corporations. So many variables (and their interactions) are involved in predicting geophysical phenomena that Cayce's sources resorted to “time windows” to indicate when various events might be realized. And for the global-sized case of predicting a shift in Earth's poles, a rather broad time frame - enhanced by generalized specifications of “precursor events” - was used to indicate the what and whenof the events to unfold.

Have The Precursors Of Pole Shift Been Realized As Yet?

As stated in 3976-15 (above), the basic precursors for pole shift are these:

There will be the upheavals in the Arctic and in the Antarctic that will make for the eruption of volcanoes in the torrid areas, and there will be shifting then of the poles.

In view of this reading, what we most want to look for in the way of precursors of pole shift are those geophysical events in Earth's frigid or torrid regions that are surprising or unusual, and which have occurred during the time frame of 1998 through the present. By “surprising or unusual” we mean events that are unexpected in terms of past geophysical activities in these regions. We have in various articles reported thoroughly on what we believe these precursors are. Here follows a thumbnail update of the important ones.

Surprising or Unusual Polar Region Upheavals, 1998 to 2002

Great Earthquake of March 25, 1998, in Antarctica. The great (M8.2) Balleny Sea earthquake of March 25, 1998, occurred within the antarctic lithospheric plate. The mainshock surprised seismologists because it was nearly three times larger than the largest oceanic intra-plate earthquake ever recorded. Features of the crustal upheaval accompanying this quake will probably never be known due to its remote, underwater location. But the crustal disturbance must have been significant, judging from the magnitudes of the quake's aftershocks and by reference to crustal upheavals associated with other great earthquakes.

Arctic Volcanic Upheavals of October 1998 - October 1999. Early in this period I had noticed an extremely rare cluster of 17 light earthquakes (M4.5-4.9) and 23 moderate quakes (M5.0-5.5) in the high Arctic, north of Severnaya Zemlya, centered approximately at 85.7N and 81.4E. This cluster has now been tied to submarine volcanism in the Arctic by German researchers. C. Müller and W. Jokat (EOS, June 13, 2000, p. 265) measured more than 200 earthquakes between January and August 1999 that originated along the submerged Gakkel Ridge. They state that, "The detection of this earthquake swarm and the evidence for its volcanic origin is the first direct evidence of recent volcanic activity in the high arctic," that is, of upheavals in a portion of the northern polar region close to the north pole.

Then, from July 31 to October 3, 2001, a U.S. and a German icebreaker traveled to the arctic to study the Gakkel Ridge. Reporting on the results in November, 2001, Charles Langmuir, co-principal investigator said, "We have completely unexpected results. The ocean ridge below the arctic is ...unique. We found 12 new volcanoes where we expected to find none, and we found unexpected and abundant hydrothermal activity." "What we found on this expedition changes fundamentally the way we see the flow of the mantle and the generation of magmas beneath ocean ridges," said the other co-principal investigator.

Arctic/Antarctic Upheavals of the Crustal-Rebound Type. Geophysical research is proceeding apace in the field, in laboratories, and in computer centers worldwide to further measure, model, and understand the rebounding of Earth's crust in response to crustal unloading by the continental ice sheets. These ice masses, which covered portions of the polar and sub-polar regions of the Earth for thousands of years, began to melt about 19,000 years ago. We are assuming here that the uplift (crustal rebound) of portions of the Canadian and Scandinavian Arctic, and of West Antarctica, that has been underway since then might reflect the “upheavals” referred to in 3976-15. Such an assumption may not what the reading is talking about, however. The reading says, “there will be the upheavals in the Arctic and Antarctic,” as opposed to “there will be the continuation of the ongoing upheavals in the arctic and antarctic.” With this caveat in mind, let's assume that 3976-15 is referring to crustal-rebound upheavals, and look at the implications of modern research with respect to such “upheavals.”

Scientists have just recently begun research on geologically related polar motions. They have made a case for a shift of Earth's spin axis of the order of tens of miles during the last glaciation. An article, entitled "Climatic impact of glacial cycle polar motion: Coupled oscillations of ice sheet mass and rotation pole position,"2 was published in 1999. B. Bills, and others, attempt to explain the observed dominance of 100,000-year cycles of glaciation during the last half-million years or so. To explain these cycles, the authors explore interactions between ice-age climate changes and the rotational state of the Earth.

The first thing the researchers did was to examine the rotational response of the Earth to general surface-mass loads, such as large ice sheets. This research is important because it resonates with the ice-induced pole shift mentioned in reading 5249-1:

The entity then was among those who were of that group who gathered to rid the Earth of the enormous animals which overran the Earth, but ice, the entity found, nature, God, changed the poles and the animals were destroyed.

According to readings 262-39 and 364-4, the gathering of this group occurred 52,718 years before the present (B.P.). And the above reading says, first and foremost, that ice changed the poles. To get the ice buildup necessary to cause a pole shift leading to the eventual destruction of the enormous animals, I had postulated the following sequence of events in Coming Earth Changes (CEC):3

  1. a several-thousand-year-long shift of the North Pole to northern Greenland, from an unknown position on Earth, beginning with ice-sheet expansion sometime after 52,000 B.P.,

  2. continued development of northern hemisphere ice sheets until their fullest expression around 20,000 B.P.,

  3. shift of the North Pole from northern Greenland back to its present position, beginning about 19,400 B.P., and

  4. accelerated melting of the ice sheets and progressive destruction of the large animals' habitat until the animals' final demise about 12,000 to 10,000 B.P. (See CEC, pages 31-36).

"The entity" of reading 5249-1 would have witnessed this entire sequence of events via repeated reincarnations over many thousands of years.

To return now to the study of Bills, and others,how could the ice sheets that began to grow with the help of a cyclical climate change after 52,718 B.P. cause the North Pole to shift to northern Greenland? This is the location where a leading computer modeler of the growth and movement of the last northern hemisphere ice sheets told me that he had to place the northern hemisphere climate center (a surrogate for the North Pole) to keep the ice sheets growing until the end of their expansion. He had to place the North Pole in northern Greenland some 20,000 years ago to make his numerical computer models produce the ice sheet motions that built the glacial features (end moraines, etc.) so carefully mapped and dated by geologists in hundreds of investigations in the northern hemisphere. Thus somehow, over some 33,000 years of ice buildup, the North Pole migrated from roughly its present position to northern Greenland. A slow pole shift indeed.

What's interesting about the Bills, and others', study is that the authors' model for the first time a shift in Earth's spin axis in response to buildup of the last great Wisconsin-age ice sheet. On page 1073 of the authors' article we read:

A growing ice sheet represents a positive mass anomaly and will tend to reorient Earth in such a way that the load will tend to move to [toward] the equator. This motion to low [toward lower] latitudes will warm the ice sheet and eventually limit its growth. If the ice sheet melts, the isostatic depression at the location it previously occupied will leave a negative mass anomaly, which will migrate poleward. The period and amplitude of these cyclic oscillations will depend on dynamics of the atmosphere and ocean, through their influence on ice sheet growth and decay, and on the viscosity structure of the deep interior of Earth, which will govern the....polar motion response.

Deciding on the proper values to include in their model for the viscosity of the deep Earth, and for the rate of ice-sheet warming over time, were two of the challenges for Bills, and others. As their modeled ice sheet moved closer and closer to the equator via spin-axis pole shift, the ice would have become warmer and warmer until it's margins would have reached maximum extension. The authors assume that the North American ice sheet would then have begun to melt in its southern regions merely because it had been moved into warmer latitudes by pole shift. The authors calculate the maximum possible pole shift at only 62 miles (and in the direction of Hudson Bay). Oddly, this 62-mile distance is quite similar to the distance that would be covered by the one-degree pole shift that we have postulated would bring about nearly all of the Earth changes predicted in Cayce's readings.

Perhaps Earth's poles have nodded back-and-forth by one degree throughout the Pleistocene epoch. Such small pole shifts would preserve most of the ice in the Greenland and

Eruptions of Torrid-Area Volcanoes

In our article, A Small Pole Shift Can Produce Most, If Not All, of The Earth Changes In Cayce's Readings, we wrote [just below Figure 7] of the incipient motion of the planet's mantle and crust over the equatorial bulge, and how this would cause pre-existing volcanoes near the equator to erupt just prior to pole shift. And we said, “The subset of volcanoes that will erupt most vigorously will tend to be those closest to the equator in the torrid areas, as well as those nearest to the shift meridian. Thus the volcanoes of Indonesia and Ecuador (includes the Galapagos Islands) are the centers of the most dangerous volcano regions in their respective hemispheres.”

Because our second article on pole-shift mechanics makes a persuasive, Cayce-readings-based case for a 1° pole shift down the 60°W meridian, and up the 120°E meridian, we will revise slightly the above paragraph. The most sensitive torrid-area volcanoes to pole shift in the western hemisphere will be those near the equator in Ecuador, Columbia, and northern Peru. The most indicative volcanoes in the eastern hemisphere will be those throughout Indonesia and the southern Philippines. Of course, torrid-area volcanoes in other places will be subject to eruptions as well, and for the reasons we give in our first article on

Below is information on three volcanoes that match our requirements. Note that Kie Besi is located just north of the equator, while Tungurahua and Nyiragongo lie just to the south. Strong, relatively simultaneous eruptive activity in these places agrees with an incipient pole-shift movement of the south pole and equator up the 120°E meridian, in the case of Kie Besi, and to a corresponding movement of the north pole and equator down the 60°W meridian, in the case of Tungurahua. [Recall that such pole motion means that the direction of the crust/mantle movement is opposite to the pole direction, or up and over the north pole along the 60°W meridian and down and over the south pole along the 120°E meridian]. Nyiragongo lies close to, but not on, the neutral pole-shift meridian. However, it is an ultra-sensitive volcano to crust-and-mantle movements due to its

Kie Besi (synonymof Makian), Halmahera, Indonesia 0.3°N, 127.4°E

Thousands abandoned their homes on August 17, 2001, on the island of Makian after Mt. Kie Besi erupted, spewing chunks of burning hot lava 250 ft into the air. The volcano last erupted in 1860-1864, 1890, and 1988.

Tungurahua Volcano

Tungurahua, Ecuador 1.5°S, 78.4°W
Since August 6, 2001, Ecuador's Tungurahua has been in constant eruption. Strong seismic activity is continuing and constant ash emissions are occurring to 2 miles above the summit. Glowing blocks are cascading down the flanks and roaring or cannon-like sounds are heard. The volcano last erupted in 1916 and 1944.

Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo 1.5°S, 29.3°E

Nyiragongo Volcano at Night

An eruption of historically unprecedented violence began at Nyiragongo on 17 January 2002. According to news reports, as of 18 January lava flows had destroyed parts of 14 villages and 45 people had been killed. Around mid-day, fissures north of the Goma Airport opened and lava flowed from them toward the town of Goma, about 10 km south of the volcano. By late afternoon, at least one flow had advanced into Goma. At this time tremor with 5-second durations accompanied the lava flows about every 10 minutes. Gas stations exploded as the flows advanced through Goma, cutting a reported 35-70 m swath through the town on its way to Lake Kivu. In places, the lava flows were 2 m high and 30 m wide.

One of Africa's most notable volcanoes, Nyiragongo contained an active lava lake in its deep summit crater. The lake drained catastrophically through its outer flanks in 1977. In contrast to the low profile of its neighboring shield volcano, Nyamuragira, Nyiragongo displays the steep slopes of a stratovolcano. Extremely fluid, fast-moving lava flows draining from the summit lava lake in 1977 killed numbers variously estimated at none to 2,000 persons; the best estimate seems to be 50 to100. Several villages were destroyed. Eruptions of lesser intensity were recorded in the last century, in 1908, 1911, 1918. 1920, 1927, and 1982.

Thus, Halaliel's (3976-15) prediction of increasing eruptions of torrid-area volcanoes just prior to pole shift may also to be coming to pass. Consider also the following activity reports for torrid-area volcanoes that began erupting in 1998 or later.

Popocatepetl (Popo-ca-te'-petal), Mexico. Snow-capped and enormous, this 17,890 ft high volcano lies 34 miles east of Mexico City. More than 30 million people live within 50 miles of "Popo". In December of 1994, Popo produced its first ash emissions in 70 years. But instead of gradually decreasing in activity, episodic low-level eruptions of ash continued through 1995. Then, in March 1996, a new round of activity began which featured increased ash emissions and the growth of a lava dome in the summit crater. This was followed by a large explosion on April 30, 1996, that killed five climbers.

Brief, intermittent explosions have continued until the present. On June 30, 1997, ash emissions continued for several hours and fallout in Mexico City caused the airport to be closed for 12 hours. The most powerful explosions of this four-year-long eruptive sequence have occurred in the past few months. On February 4, 1999, Popo rumbled and spewed lava and ash. The activity caused Mexico's emergency warning system to issue a yellow alert, one step away from a full alert.

Volcan de Fuego (Colima), Mexico. This 14,200-foot volcano is considered the most active and dangerous of a line of nine volcanoes that runs across the middle of the Mexican mainland. It lies in the state of Colima, 280 miles west of Mexico City. Volcan de Fuego last erupted in 1994, but its last strong eruption was in 1913. It resumed erupting on July 6, 1998, with an explosion, and a lava dome eruption appeared in November. By January 1999, two lava flows were seen proceeding slowly down the mountain, and in late February several villages had to be evacuated

Taal, Luzon, Philippines. A new cone developed at the volcano's crater vent in late February 1999. The volcano last erupted in 1977, causing only minor damage. A mild eruption in 1965 killed 200 people. Taal is the most active volcanic center in the region immediately south of the Manila area. The Taal caldera is one of the world's great torrid-area, volcano-tectonic depressions.

Soufriere Hills, Montserrat. This Caribbean volcano erupted suddenly in July 1995, after several hundreds of years of dormancy. It is slowly quieting down, but it's not dead by any means. On January 20, 1999, a large pyroclastic flow coursed down from the volcano's upper reaches, through the Tar River Valley, and to the sea.

Batur, Indonesia. This volcano, on the island of Bali, last erupted in 1974. It recently erupted again, on January 12, 1999.

Anak Krakatau, Indonesia. Since the disastrous eruption of 1883, this volcano erupted off and on some 30-plus times up to 1992. On February 5, 1999 it erupted ash again, followed by glowing ejecta six days later.

Nyamuragira, Congo Republic. A week of explosions and lava effusions began on October 17, 1998.

Guagua Pichincha, Ecuador. Explosions followed by an ash plume occurred on November 3, 1998.

Sabancaya, Peru. Intermittent gas plumes with some ash occurred in early September 1998.

Kilauea, Hawaii. A two-year-long lava flow continues to build a bench into the sea.

Ibu, Indonesia. On December 18, 1998, Ibu began erupting ash, followed by glowing ejecta a month later. This volcano had not erupted for the last 87 years.

Kerinci, Indonesia. Rumbling and ash ejections occurred on November 3, 1998.

Manam, Papua New Guinea. Intense eruptive activity resumed in late September 1998.

Langila, Papua New Guinea. A large explosion on September 21, 1998 caused an ash fall.

Rabaul (Papua New Guinea). Ash emissions were observed during December 1998.

Falcon Island, Tonga. An undersea eruption caused an island to appear offshore on January 14, 1999.

Cerro Azul, Galapagos Islands. Ongoing flank and caldera eruptions continue in 1998.

Ambrym, Vanuatu Long-active lava lake continues to hold bubbling lava.

Ol Doinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Vigorous activity has been ongoing since February 1998.

Rincon de la Vieja, Costa Rica. Steam eruptions occurred on February 16, 1998.

Merapi, Java. Lava flowed down the mountain's slopes on October 18, 1998.

Cerro Negro, Nicaragua. Eruptions began on November 3, 1998. Lava continues to move down the north flank of the volcano.

Pacaya, Guatemala. Ash plumes, explosions, and ejected splatter all increased sharply on May 20, 1998. The last eruption was in 1991.

Mt. Cameroon, Cameroon. Violent quakes and lava flows forced the evacuation of many villagers in Cameroon on March 29, 1999. This volcano last erupted in 1982.

Additional torrid-area volcanoes to erupt in 1998, but for which we found few details, were the following: Arenal, Costra Rica (5/5/98); Arjuno Welirang, Java (5/21/98); Karangetung, Indonesia (7/7/99); Semeru, Indonesia (1/12/98); and San Cristobal, Nicaragua (5/20/97). Check our weekly updates of torrid-area volcanic activity (No longer available).

Other Upheavals As Possible 1999-2001 Precursors Of The Pole Shift. Reading 378-16 above speaks of upheavals as being associated closely with the "shifting of the poles." Several earthquakes, since the end of the 40-year 1958-1998 interval, seem to fit the "upheavals" mentioned in 378-16.

Northwestern Turkey was shaken by an M7.4 earthquake on August 17, 1999. The magnitude of the tremor tied that of the 1912 Turkey temblor for the strongest quake of the last century in that country. Horizontal offsets along various segments of the North Anatolian Fault approached 16 feet and vertical upthrusts of up to seven feet were noted. Perhaps 20,000 people were killed, and considerable earthquake damage occurred in Istanbul. On November 12, 1999, an M7.1 quake occurred 70 miles east of the August shock, on the same fault, producing additional vertical crustal changes.

On September 21, 1999, the largest earthquake of the last century in Taiwan struck near Chi-Chi. Extensive surface ruptures occurred over 53 miles of the Chelungpu fault, and a maximum horizontal displacement of 32 feet was among the largest fault displacements ever measured in modern earthquakes. The Tachia River was cut by a 25-foot vertical upheaval that created a new waterfall.

In November 2000, the Earth experienced an intense earthquake series in the Solomon Islands, as we described in the following article: One-Year Anniversary of the Equatorial South Pacific's Parozysm of Intense Seismicity. Two months later, a devastating earthquake hit India in the early morning of January 26, 2001, killing more than 20,000 and injuring 200,000 people as it toppled buildings and houses. This major (M7.9) quake had an epicenter about 20 km northeast of Bhuj.Then, on June 23, 2001, southern Peru experienced a great (M8.2) quake that generated a moderate tsunami. It was Peru's strongest quake since May 1970.

All of the above episodes of seismic disturbance could probably be designated “upheavals” by laymen. And for those who keep track of such things, 2001 was perhaps the worst year in recorded


Several historical forecasts of geophysical events, made by the psychic sources behind Cayce's readings, demonstrate far better predictive capabilities than could be accomplished by today's specialists in geophysics. There are many variables (and interactions between them) that are involved in predicting geophysical phenomena. Cayce's sources resorted to “time windows” to indicate when various events might be realized. And for the global-scale predictions of a shift in Earth's poles, a rather broad time-window, enhanced by warning “precursor events,” was used to indicate when the geophysical events would unfold.

Archangel Halaliel made the most credible predictions of coming Earth changes. His geophysical prerequisites for the predicted shift of the poles are falling into place, even as the beginning of the shift in 2000 to 2001 appears to have been somewhat delayed. We examine the planetary-scale evidence for the upcoming shift, and list a few pole-shift precursor events that we think may have already occurred. Only the Creative Forces of the Universe know exactly when the pole shift and associated Earth changes will commence. In the meantime, we can but watch, wait, and try to increase our understanding of what's going on -- geophysically and otherwise -- with our “little Earth.” When the currently slow-moving poles begin once again to accelerate, the historically unprecedented, catastrophic Earth changes will begin. This may happen sooner than some think. Thus, it seems wise to be prepared physically, mentally, and spiritually for the predicted new cycle of adjustments to the Earth and its environment.

  1. Gross, R., and J. Vondrak, 1999, Astrometric and Space-Geodetic Observations of Polar Wander, Geophys. Res. Letters, v. 26, no. 14, pp. 2085-2088.
  2. Bills, B. G., and others, Jour. Geophysical Research, v. 104, no. B1, pp. 1059-1075. (1/10/99).
  3. Hutton, W., 1997, A.R.E. Press, Virginia Beach, Virginia 23451.