As discussed in our new book, Earth's Catastrophic Past And Future, reading 3976-15 is the best of all of the Earth-changes and pole-shift readings channeled by Edgar Cayce. Reading 1152-11 is a close second in terms of veracity, comprehensiveness, and predictive capability. Both readings also show strong predictive value for non-Earth-change world events that occurred after they were given (in 1934, for 3976-15, and in 1941 for 1152-11).
We will be examining only reading 3976-15 here, to determine just what signals (precursors) it gives as to when the pole shift will begin. It alone provides information that can be used to construct a sequence of pole-shift precursor events.
We begin by listing all of the predictions made by archangel Halaliel, the source of the reading channeled by Cayce. This will allow us to take the measure of the source's predictive capabilities.
The suggestion given by the conductor of the reading, Hugh Lynn Cayce, to his sleeping father begins as follows:
We seek at this time such information as will be of value and interest to those present, including T. Mitchell Hastings, Jr. in the next room, regarding the spiritual, mental, and physical changes which are coming to the Earth.
We will extract now each of the predictions made by Halaliel, by numbered paragraphs in the reading. This list will be followed by a special analysis of one of the predictions that we have never treated in a comprehensive way. It deals with the prediction of land appearing in Antarctica off of Tierra del Fuego.
Finally, we will use red letters to indicate our comments as to the status of each prediction, as one reads along.
7. As to the material changes that are to be as an omen, as a sign to those that this is shortly to come to pass - as has been given of old, the sun will be darkened and the earth shall be broken up in divers places Not yet happened - and THEN shall be PROCLAIMED - through the spiritual interception in the hearts and minds and souls of those that have sought His way - that HIS star has appeared, and will point [pause] the way for those that enter into the holy of holies in themselves. For, God the Father, God the Teacher, God the director, in the minds and hearts of men, must ever be IN those that come to know Him as first and foremost in the seeking of those souls; for He is first the GOD to the individual and as He is exemplified, as He is manifested in the heart and in the acts of the body, of the individual, He becomes manifested before men. And those that seek in the latter portion of the year of our Lord (as ye have counted in and among men) '36, He [He, Christ Spirit?] will appear.
8. As to the changes physical again: The earth will be broken up in the western portion of America. Not yet.
The greater portion of Japan must go into the sea. During and after pole shift.
The upper portion of Europe will be changed as in the twinkling of an eye. When pole-shift begins.
Land will appear off the east coast of America. During and after pole shift.
There will be the upheavals in the Arctic and in the Antarctic that will make for the eruption of volcanoes in the Torrid areas, and there will be shifting then of the poles-… Just prior to pole shift
And these will begin in those periods in '58 to '98, when these will be proclaimed as the periods when His light will be seen again in the clouds. As to times, as to seasons, as to places, ALONE is it given to those who have named the name - and who bear the mark of those of His calling and His election in their bodies. To them it shall be given. Impossible to check.
9. As to those things that deal with the mental of the earth, these shall call upon the mountains to cover many. As ye have seen those in lowly places raised to those of power in the political, in the machinery of nations' activities, so shall ye see those in high places reduced and calling on the waters of darkness to cover them. Many examples could be cited. And those that in the inmost recesses of theirselves awaken to the spiritual truths that are to be given, and those places that have acted in the capacity of teachers among men, the rottenness of those that have ministered in places will be brought to light, and turmoils and strifes shall enter. For example: Catholic priest sex scandels And,as there is the wavering of those that would enter as emissaries, as teachers, from the throne of life, the throne of light, the throne of immortality, and wage war in the air with those of darkness, then know ye the Armageddon is at hand. For with the great numbers of the gathering of the hosts of those that have hindered and would make for man and his weaknesses stumblingblocks, they shall wage war with the spirits of light that come into the earth for this awakening; that have been and are being called by those of the sons of men into the service of the living God. For He, as ye have been told, is not the God of the dead, not the God of those that have forsaken Him, but those that love His coming, that love His associations among men - the God of the LIVING, the God of Life! For, He IS Life.
10. Who shall proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord in him that has been born in the earth in America? Those from that land where there has been the regeneration, not only of the body but the mind and the spirit of men, THEY shall come and declare that John Peniel is giving to the world the new ORDER of things. Not that these that have been proclaimed have been refused, but that they are made PLAIN in the minds of men, that they may know the truth and the truth, the life, the light, will make them free.
11. I have declared this, that has been delivered unto me to give unto you, ye that sit here and that hear and that see a light breaking in the east, and have heard, have seen thine weaknesses and thine faultfindings, and know that He will make thy paths straight if ye will but live that YE KNOW this day - then may the next step, the next word, be declared unto thee. For ye in your weakness [pause] have known the way, through that as ye have made manifest of the SPIRIT of truth and light that has been proclaimed into this earth, that has been committed unto the keeping of Him that made of Himself no estate but who brought into being all that ye see manifest in the earth, and has declared this message unto thee: "Love the Lord thy God with all thine heart," and the second is like unto it, "Love thy neighbor as thyself." Who is thine neighbor? Him that ye may aid in whatsoever way that he, thy neighbor, thy brother, has been troubled. Help him to stand on his own feet. For such may only know the acceptable way. The weakling, the unsteady, must enter into the crucible and become as naught, even as He, that they may know the way. I, Halaliel, have spoken. [Emphasis added by authors]
12. (Q) What are the world changes to come this year physically?
(A) The earth will be broken up in many places. The early portion will see a change in the physical aspect of the west coast of America. Not yet;but to occur at beginning and during pole shift. There will be open waters appear in the northern portions of Greenland. Being gradually realized. There will be new lands seen off the Caribbean Sea, and DRY land will appear. Immediately upon pole shift. There will be the falling away in India of much of the material suffering that has been brought on a troubled people. Being realized today. There will be the reduction of one risen to power in central Europe to naught. Prediction realized (Hitler). The young king son will soon reign. Prediction not clear, or not realized. In America in the political forces we see a re-stabilization of the powers of the peoples in their own hands, a breaking up of the rings, the cliques in many places. Ongoing, many examples could be cited. South America shall be shaken from the uppermost portion to the end, and in the Antarctic off of Tierra Del Fuego LAND, and a strait with rushing waters. Not yet, but probably occurring at onset of pole shift. (See the extensive treatment of this subject below.)
13. (Q) To what country is the reference made regarding the young king?
(A) In Germany. Prediction regarding "the young king son" is unclear. Possibly Hitler was being referred to.
14. (Q) Is America fulfilling her destiny?
(A) Rather should the question be sought, my children, are individuals fulfilling those channels to which they have been brought through their own application of the knowledge within themselves to fulfill their position? For each and every one, each and every nation, is led - even as in heaven. For that ye see in earth is a PATTERN of that in the MIND, as ye well know, and is as a shadow of spiritual truth, life and light. Is America as a whole? This is as has been given. If there is not the acceptance in America of the closer brotherhood of man, the love of the neighbor as self, civilization must wend its way westward - and again must Mongolia, must a hated people, be raised.
It is filling its destiny? Is it filling, rather, its place, that destined in the experience of peoples, of a nation? What have ye done with the knowledge that ye have respecting the relationships of thy Creator to thy fellow man? and hast thou made known that ye know of His ways, God's ways, among thy fellows? Yea, here and there, as ye have seen, America has become not only the greater of these that have sent those that would make known secular ways but has also - does harbor within its bosom those things of other lands that are making, as it were, a leaven to the whole. And here, there - for, as given, His messenger shall appear there. Hence, is finding those that make the paths straight.
15. (Q) Explain the relation between the information just given regarding Germany and the changes for this year, and the information already given through this channel on Hitler.
(A) Read that, my children, that has been given; that there was the destiny for the man, if he did not allow Imperialism to enter in - and it is entering. Hence must be called into question. Hitler's imperialistic policies were called into question,and later failed.
16. (Q) Who will uncover the history of the past in record form which are said to be near the sphinx in Egypt?
(A) As was set in those records of the law of One in Atlantis, that there would come three that would make of the perfect way of life. And as there is found those that have made, in their experience from their sojourn in the earth, a balance in their spiritual, their mental, their material experiences or existences, so may they become those channels through which there may be proclaimed to a seeking, a waiting, a desirous body, those things that proclaim how there has been preserved in the earth (that as is a shadow of the mental and the spiritual reservation of God to His children) those truths that have been so long proclaimed. Those, then, that make themselves that channel. For, as He has given, who is to proclaim is not mine to give, but they that have made of themselves such a measure of their experiences as to be worthy of proclaiming. None are known, by us at least, to be worthy of proclaiming.
17. (Q) Is Roosevelt right?
(A) WHO is right? He that will be guided by that spirit of truth. He, Roosevelt, has been raised for a privilege; and as to whether he - as others - is to use those privileges in His ways that make for right, or error in the lives of those that are influenced by the activities of the body, is within HIS relationship to that God WE as individuals, as souls, both in the earth, in heaven, in air, ARE measured to that as he proclaims. His basis in that he has done thus far has been founded in the spirit of truth. As to what will be done, as it was with him who sat at the peace table and proclaimed a way, yet was rejected among men, even in his own land, when he stood in the position as Roosevelt does to his people. What will the people do with the spirit of truth that is being proclaimed by him (Roosevelt), is rather the question. He has been called. He has been given. What will ye do with this man?
18. (Q) Will he live out his term?
(A) The greater period for destructive forces to enter in as respecting the life in this experience has passed. It will come again not in this year [1934; Prediction realized.], but when there are changes in the next session. As to what will be the final outcome, depends - as ever - upon what is done ABOUT that period. What may ye as individuals gathered here do respecting same? Make known that his ways are WORTHY of being considered, and pray ye with him that
(3976-15; January 19, 1934)
We recently realized that we had never specifically treated the Earth change predicted to occur, in 3976-15, for the antarctic off of Tierra del Fuego. We will do so now.
We should also point out that we have no firm opinion as to whether this change is to be classified as a pre-pole shift “upheaval in the arctic” or simply one of the many Earth changes that will begin with pole shift. This latter type of change seems most probable though, because it is found in the same sentence with, “South America shall be shaken from the uppermost portion to the end…”
Here are the two passages of relevance from 3976-15, listed by paragraph numbers:
8. As to the changes physical again: ...There will be the upheavals in the arctic and in the antarctic that will make for the eruption of volcanoes in the torrid areas, and there will be shifting then of the poles ...
12. (Q) What are the world changes to come this year* physically?
(A) …..South America shall be shaken from the uppermost portion to the end, and in the antarctic off of Tierra Del Fuego LAND, and a strait with rushing waters.
* Before continuing, note that we have made an important interpretation of the words “this year” in paragraph 12. We infer that the period of time being referred to is “the acceptable year of the Lord,” mentioned two paragraphs earlier in the reading.
This kind of “year” covers a period of time of indeterminate length. It cannot refer just to year 1934 when the reading was given. This is so because most of 3976-15's Earth-changes predictions are only now beginning to manifest. Also, two of the by now realized 1934 predictions, such as the rise and fall of Hitler and “the falling away in India of much of the material suffering” there, occurred years after they were given.
A fuller explanation of our interpretation, can be found on pages 515-516 of our book. But for now, notice the important distinction made by the source of 3976-15 in these two kinds of “years.” Halaliel, the source, speaks of the ordinary “year of our Lord” at the end of paragraph 7. He then changes and uses “the acceptable year of the Lord” at the beginning of paragraph 10.
We will now combine the words in red and blue in the reading excerpts above to describe in general terms the pole-shift precursors or consequences, as given in 3976-15.
The poles of Earth's rotational axis will shift soon after upheavals in the arctic and Antarctic cause a significant increase in the eruption of torrid-area volcanoes. One of the most important of the upheavals will take place in the antarctic off of Tierra del Fuego, either just before or just after pole shift. It will manifest as land rising above the ocean surface, creating in the process a strait of rushing water.
We will refine and augment this description after first speculating on the geological possibilities for torrid-area volcanic eruptions to occur as a result of upheavals in the polar areas.
That is, just what kinds of upheavals were seen by the source of reading 3976-15, and what sorts of long-range geophysical connections were envisioned between upheavals in the polar zones and erupting volcanoes in the Torrid Zone?
Finally, just what is the most probable location of presently-submerged sea-floor crust that will rise off Tierra del Fuego in the antarctic?
Future “upheavals in the arctic and in the antarctic” mentioned in reading 3976-15 may turn out to be mostly volcanic in nature, and not due primarily to upthrusting of crustal blocks. Also, flood-basalt volcanism can develop impressive lava plateaus over time.
One such lava upheaval, in Siberia 250 million years ago, has recently been determined to have risen from a depth of 1,800 miles. This lava originated in the super-hot zone near the Earth's core-mantle boundary.
Reading 5748-6 (July 1, 1932) said that “upheavals in the interior of the Earth” would begin in 1936. If these upheavals were also superheated plumes of buoyant plastic rock in the upper mantle, they could easily have taken 64 years until now to push overlying mantle rock to just below Earth's surface in the arctic and antarctic regions.
The kinds of upheavals that reading 3976-15 predicted would occur in the polar zones seem represented by events since 1998.
Great earthquake of March 25, 1998 in Antarctica. The great M8.2 Balleny Sea earthquake off the coast of Antarctica, on March 25, 1998, occurring within the antarctic lithospheric plate, was the largest ever detected within an oceanic crustal plate. Its location and strength were completely unexpected by the world's seismologists. The mainshock surprised seismologists because it was nearly three times larger than the next-largest largest oceanic intra-plate earthquake. Features of the crustal upheaval accompanying this quake will probably never be known due to its remote, underwater location. But the crustal disturbance must have been significant, judging from the magnitudes of the quake's aftershocks and by reference to crustal upheavals associated with other great earthquakes. The quake might even be considered to be one of the “upheavals in the Arctic and in the Antarctic” (3976-15; January 19, 1934) predicted to occur just prior to a pole shift.
As Japanese researchers at the 2000 AGU meeting reported, “The mainshock occurred far from the nearest plate boundary and any [other] recorded earthquake.” Their seafloor mapping effort revealed that the epicenter of the mainshock was centered on a seamount and that the great earthquake probably occurred on a structure that intersected the seamount. The quake's driving force, they said, is still unknown.
Arctic volcanic upheavals, October 1998 – October 1999. An extremely rare cluster of 17 light earthquakes (M4.5-4.9) and 23 moderate quakes (M5.0-5.5) occurred in 1998-1999 in the high arctic, north of Severnaya Zemlya, centered approximately at 85.7N and 81.4E. This cluster has now been tied to submarine volcanism in the arctic by German researchers. M¸ller and Jokat measured more than 200 earthquakes between January and August 1999 that originated along the submerged Gakkel Ridge. The Gakkel Ridge, at a depth of 5000 m (16,000 ft), is located above the Arctic Circle at the north end of the Atlantic Ocean. It's the world's slowest spreading mid-ocean ridge. It extends 1100 miles from north of Greenland to Siberia, all of it beneath the arctic ice cap.
The Gakkel Ridge is the deepest and most remote portion of the global mid-ocean ridge system, where new ocean crust is continuously created through volcanic activity. The researchers stated that, “The detection of this earthquake swarm and the evidence for its volcanic origin is the first direct evidence of recent volcanic activity in the high Arctic,” that is, of “upheavals” in a portion of the northern polar region close to the North Pole.
Also at the Fall 2000 AGU meeting, four geoscientists reported on gravity and bottom-typography measurements accomplished from the U.S. Navy's submarine USS Hawksbill. They found evidence of erupted magma along the axis of the Gakkel Ridge's ridge-and-valley trend. This eruptive activity has “built up central volcanoes and covered adjacent areas with low-relief lava flows.” The researchers were unable to tell how fresh was the lava.
New volcanoes on the Gakkel Ridge, 2001. Then, from July 31 to October 3, 2001, a U.S. and a German icebreaker traveled to the arctic to study the Gakkel Ridge. Reporting in November, 2001, co-principal investigator Charles Langmuir said, “We have completely unexpected results. The ocean ridge below the arctic is … unique. We found 12 new volcanoes where we expected to find none, and we found unexpected and abundant hydrothermal activity.” The other co-principal investigator said “What we found on this expedition changes fundamentally the way we see the flow of the mantle and the generation of magmas beneath ocean ridges.”
The cruise by the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Healy, an icebreaker equipped for science, and the more recent cruise by its companion, the German research vessel, the Polarstern, in late August, 2001 found abundant fresh lava and multiple signs of hydrothermal activity. “A camera and sensor package lowered to the seafloor from the Polarstern showed intact sulfide chimneys and recorded warm water vents.” “We found more hydrothermal activity on this cruise than in 20 years of exploration on the mid-Atlantic Ridge,” said Charles Langmuir, co-chief scientist on the Healy from Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.
New, Youthful Volcano Documented on Antarctic Sea Floor – 2004. In May, 2004, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory announced that an international team of scientists confirmed the existence of a major undersea volcano on the floor of the Antarctic Sound, near the northern-most tip of Antarctica. The yet-unnamed volcano is significant because it exists on a continental shelf on the edge of the Antarctic continental mass in the vicinity of a deep trough across the sea floor carved out by past glacial expansion. The location given was simply, “near the northern-most tip of the Antarctic continent,” according to a press release from the Observatory. That press release also says,
The volcano stands 700 meters above the sea floor and extends to within 275 meters of sea level. It contains at least 1.5 km3 of volcanic rock.
The group conducted a careful survey of the volcano that included a bottom scanning video recorder, rock dredges, and temperature surveys along the sides and crest of the submarine peak.
These observations, along with historical reports from mariners of discolored water in the vicinity of the submerged peak, indicate that the volcano is relatively young and has been active recently.
This surprising find may or may not be emblematic of a recent “upheaval” in the antarctic. Just how young is the volcano? Was it emplaced, for example, during the 1958-1998 period of geophysical precursor events to pole shift and Earth changes, as also mentioned in 3976-15?
The marine scientists' trip report for this discovery does not give latitude and longitude coordinates for the volcano. We judge from the report, however, that it is close to the south side of the Drake Passage, and around 60°W longitude. This longitude is close to the 58°W “shift meridian” that we have been using for the Western Hemisphere in our analysis of the consequences of the readings' pole-shift prediction.
Thus, the new volcano find corresponds well to the archangel's prediction and may be portending a pole shift in the near future.
Also, the youthful submerged volcano on the floor of the Antarctic Sound, near the northern-most tip of Antarctica, could even be considered to be “in the Antarctic off Tierra del Fuego,” although, being submerged, it certainly does not yet constitute “LAND.”
Ecuador's Torrid-Area Volcanoes. It appears from evidence in chapters 4 and 5 of our new book that recent polar zone “upheavals” and various “torrid-area” volcanic eruptions are occurring at close to the same time. This activity may represent precursors to the imminent commencement of a pole shift.
Why, for example, were Revantador, Guagua Pichincha, and Tungurahua in Ecuador (see adjacent USGS map) all erupting vigorously in early November of 2002? Let's first consider the recent eruptive history of these volcanoes. Reventador is a frequently erupting volcano. It sits almost exactly on the equator, and should therefore be a most sensitive indicator of the beginning of a pole shift, as Earth's mantle and crust starts to move ever so slightly over the deeper equatorial bulge of Earth's core.
Since the beginning of the 1958-1998 period, during which time reading 3976-15 also said that the Earth changes would begin to be apparent, Reventador has erupted five times (1958, 1960, 1972, 1973, and 1976). It began erupting strongly again on November 3, 2002. The effects of the eruptions have been severe, impacting Ecuador's power and telecommunications infrastructure, and devastating its agricultural production.
Tungurahua began erupting in October of 1999. It had last erupted in 1944.
Guagua Pichincha, after having been quiescent for 100 years, erupted weakly in 1981, 1985, 1990, and 1993. Magmatic eruptions occurred again in October 1999. Intermittent eruptions of varying scale since then have blanketed Quito and surrounding towns with ash. Explosions occurred at Guagua Pichincha on November 3, 2002. Ash plumes could not be distinguished from those of Reventador, which was also erupting that week.
The coincidence of polar upheavals and eruptions in the torrid areas raises the possibility of cause and effect.
We have always used the 63°N latitude as the southern boundary of the “arctic” region for the purpose of checking for “upheavals in the Arctic and in the Antarctic” (reading 3976-15). Note that the epicenter of the Alaskan earthquake of November 3, 2002 was slightly north of this latitude, at 63.47°N.
At M7.9, this huge quake â?? with its accompanying robust series of aftershocks and its 65-mile-long rupture zone â?? certainly qualifies as an upheaval in the arctic. Is it just a coincidence that Reventador erupted three or four times on November 3 and 4? Do we not have here the near-perfect sequence of an upheaval in the arctic coinciding with the eruption of a torrid area volcano? And along with the eruption of Guagua Pichincha on November 3, we seem to have a perfect match, that is, an upheaval in the arctic and the eruption of torrid area volcanoes (plural).
The match is not completely perfect, however, if one looks at the timing of the Alaskan quake relative to the eruption of Reventador. The huge Alaskan quake occurred at 22:12:41 UTC (Universal Time, Coordinated: 22 hr, 12 min., 41 sec), on November 3, 2002. Within 20 minutes, the quake's seismic waves reached the most distant points on the planet from the focus of the quake beneath Earth's surface.
The initial large eruption at Reventador â?? the first in 26 years â?? occurred close to 14 hrs UTC. This was about 8 hours before the big quake occurred in Alaska. Note, however, that a strong M6.7 foreshock of the M7.9 quake occurred 11 days earlier, on October 23. This was followed by a number of additional foreshocks (in the M3.0-3.9 and 4.0-4.6-ranges) that occurred up until the mainshock of November 3. Perhaps it was these foreshocks of the November earthquake that set Revantador erupting.
Guagua Pichincha's eruption occurred close to 01:45:00 UTC, on November 4, about three and one half hours after the massive Alaskan earthquake. This is more in keeping with an impulse-response type of model suggested by a straightforward reading of 3976-15; that is, a model in which an upheaval in the arctic or antarctic will cause an almost immediate eruption of one or more volcanoes in the torrid areas.
But consider just below the operation of a less tightly time-constrained impulse-response model for the general eruptions of Ecuador's torrid-area volcanoes, due to crustal or volcanic upheavals in the arctic and antarctic.
Tungurahua exhibited various eruptive activities during the October 30-November 5, 2002 reporting period. This volcano, however, had begun its eruptive activity in October 1999 (its first since 1925). Guagua Pichincha also began its present eruptive cycle in October of 1999. Both sets of eruptions may have been initiated by the more than 200 light-to-moderate earthquakes that were measured between January and August of 1999, along the submerged Gakkel Ridge in the high arctic (centered roughly at 85.7°N, 81.4°E). The submarine volcanism (another kind of “upheavals”) that accompanied these quakes has now been well documented.
Then again, perhaps it was the great M8.2 Balleny Sea earthquake off Antarctica (see above) that caused Guagua Pichincha and Tungurahua to begin to erupt in concert. This quake took place in March 1998, and was the largest ever detected within an oceanic crustal plate. Its location and great strength were completely unexpected by the world's seismologists.
We turn next to a consideration of the prediction in 3976-15 that may represent either a pole-shift precursor OR an Earth-change event that occurs just after and during the pole shift itself. This has to do with an upheaval in Antarctica that will be sufficient to produce "a strait with rushing waters." We will begin by considering the structure of the submerged crust between the southern tip of South America and the Palmer Peninsula of western Antarctica.
Just where is Tierra del Fuego located anyway? Webster's Geographical Dictionary, published in 1949 by G. & C. Merriam Co., not long after Cayce died, says:
"Tierra del Fuego ....
- 1. Archipelago off S South America comprising all islands S of Strait of Magellan; 27,000 sq.m.; separated from Antarctic Archipelago on S by Drake Passage. Its main island, Tierra del Fuego, is divided bet. Chile (W half) and Argentina (E half); .....
- 2. Chief island of Tierra del Fuego archipelago; 18,530 sq. m.;....”
These are probably the best definitions of Tierra del Fuego that correlate with Cayce's time. But these definitions seem not to have changed much with those of today.
The Strait of Magellan mentioned in the definition is shown by the red path in Figure 1.
As shown in the Times Atlas of the World, Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, which we would interpret as the area referred to in 3976-15, coincides with the enlarged tip of Chile and Argentina in Figure 2 below. And if definition 1 above applies, Tierra del Fuego is not so much a small area at the extreme end of S. America as it is the entire archipelago, separated from Antarctic Archipelago on the south by the Drake Passage.
Now there is a strong, linear tectonic feature on the ocean floor of the Drake Passage that extends from Tierra del Fuego southward to Antarctica. It is called the Shackelton Fracture Zone (SFZ) and we have noted it on Figure 2.
The article by Livermore, and others (2004), “Shackleton Fracture Zone: No barrier to early circumpolar ocean circulation,” is a thorough summary of the probable history of the Drake Passage's current constrictive effect on the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. It reveals information that nearly surpasses that which only the archangel could have been able to provide, way back in 1934 when geologists had no clue about the detailed structure and tectonics of this part of the world, let alone what the future might hold.
Look now at Figure 3, which shows the sea-floor bathymetry along cross-section KSL93-1 of Figure 2. Here one sees that Shackleton Ridge is quite pronounced and tops out not far from the ocean surface. A continuing slow convergence between the Antarctic and Scotia plates is invoked by Livermore and others to conclude that “uplift is continuing today” along the Shackleton Ridge.
Thus, by combining the archangel's prediction with the SFZ's potential for tectonic fireworks, renewed blockage and strait development might just as well occur along the SFZ, if we accept a relaxed location relative to Tierra del Fuego for the events of 3976-15 to occur, in the antarctic off of Tierra Del Fuego.
This location for uplift and the formation of new land, along the southern (Antarctic) end of the SFZ, makes geological sense. And this location of the uplift along the Shackleton Ridge is along the antarctic side of the present Drake Passage, as indicated in the reading fragment above.
Presumably, then, when the shifting of the poles begins, land will rise along the southern end of the Shackleton Ridge and cause further constriction of the Drake Passage between South America and Antarctica. This will cause the Drake Passage, or some smaller strait parallel to it, to exhibit “rushing waters.”
In a general way, this and all of the other Earth changes will be a part of a larger picture. As one reads in 294-185,