Archived Articles

Scientists, In Their Own Words...
Note that abstract identification labels are added at the end of each abstract quoted from the AGU Fall Meeting Proceedings Volume, published as a supplement to
EOS, Trans. American Geophys. Union
v. 81, no. 48, Nov. 28, 2000.


Another Arctic-Upheaval Precursor of Pole Shift 2000-2001

Readings 3976-15 and 378-16 may be paraphrased to say that around the end of the 1958-1998 period of gradually increasing Earth changes, and then between 1998 and 2001, we may expect upheavals in the Arctic and Antarctic just prior toa shifting of the poles. We have already documented “the first direct evidence of recent volcanic activity in the high Arctic,” (Müller and Jokat, EOS, 6/13/00) in 1998 and 1999. (See our previous article, “Precursors Of The Pole Shift And Earth Changes Of 2000 -- 2001”).

Here is additional evidence for an upheavel in the southern Arctic, in an abstract by F. Sigmundsson entitled, “1994-2000 Volcanic and Seismic Unrest at a 200-km-long Stretch of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge Plate Boundary in Iceland: Episodic Magma Delivery.” We read that after a quiet period during the middle part of the 20th century, volcanic and earthquake activity began to increase. In south and central Iceland, activity has been unusually high since 1994. “Magma accumulation and intrusion has taken place beneath two volcanoes: Hengill volcanic area, and Eyjafallajökull. In both cases uplift [emphasis added] is confirmed by geodetic measurements and earthquake activity has been unusually high (two tectonic earthquakes of M 6.5+ occurred in the summer of 2000).” [T22A-17]

A Regional Focal Point For “Breaking Up” of the Western U.S.

Reading 3976-15 states that “As to the changes physical again: The Earth will be broken up in the western portion of America”. Two geologists with the U. S. Geological Survey offer an abstract entitled, “Large-Scale Geologic Patterns Point To The Birth Of A Hotspot In The Western U. S.” Such a hotspot could well act as a regional focus for the breakup of the Oregon-Idaho portion of the American West, at the beginning of pole shift, if magma from the hot mantle below begins to rise more quickly there.

J. Glen and P. Ponce write, “ Numerous geologic lineations (including fold axes, dike swarms, and faults) when extrapolated, intersect at approximately the same location, suggesting that all these features radiate from a single point - a region near the Idaho-Oregon border at about latitude 44 degrees [emphasis added].” A possible cause for this pattern is a point stress at the base of the lithosphere that could be related to the impact of the Yellowstone hotspot.” (Note: The Yellowstone hotspot is conceptualized as a stationary plume of hot mantle material that is rooted in the lower mantle over which North America moves.) [T21C-15].

Crustal Deformation of the Yellowstone Caldera1923-2000

C. Meertens, and Others reveal that there was an unexpected sinking of the caldera between 1985 and 1995, after unprecedented caldera uplift between 1923 and 1985. Since 1995, measurements show that Yellowstone's volcanically and seismically active area may once again be causing caldera uplift. That is, hot-spot mantle material beneath Yellowstone may be beginning to rise again. [V22F-19]

The Azores plateau: an example of ridge-hot spot interaction

G. Pascal, and Others compiled large amounts of geophysical data for the Azores platform, along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge axis between 32 and 49 degrees North Latitude. They also compiled data over the region shown below on N. Zhirov's map, for the area north of 32°N. Zhirov, author of Atlantis (1970, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 458 p.), wrote the most scientific treatise on the subject of the history and demise of the last island of Atlantis, (“Poseidia,” according to the Edgar Cayce readings). I've indicated on the map below the location of the major earthquake (M 7.6) of February 1968. A Cayce reading had said,

And Poseidia will be among the first portions of Atlantis to rise again. Expect it in sixty-eight and sixty-nine; not so far away.
(958-3, 6/28,1940)


Zhirov's reconstruction of Poseidonis, Mid-Atlantic


Of course, Atlantis did not rise above the waves in 1968. But another reading, given below, seems to imply that what was meant was that Atlantis was only beginning to rise in 1968:

It would be well if this entity were to seek either of the three phases of the ways and means in which those records of the activities of individuals were preserved -- the one in the Atlantean land that sank, which will rise and is rising again.[emphasis added]
(2012-1, 9/25/1939)

And then we also note the following reading that implies that Atlantis would gradually begin to rise in 1998.

Q Three hundred years ago Jacob Boehme decreed Atlantis would rise again at this crisis time when we cross from this Piscean Era into the Aquarian. Is Atlantis rising now? Will it cause a sudden convolution and about what year?
A In 1998 we may find a great deal of the activities as have been wrought by the gradual changes that are coming about This is a gradual, not a cataclysmic activity in the experience of the Earth in this period.
(1602-3, 9/22/1939)


Physiographic features of the Blake Plateau off the U.S. East Coast

With respect to a “gradual” beginning to the rise of Atlantis in 1998, note that I have indicated on the map that in 1998 an underwater volcanic eruption occurred close to the surface off the northeast corner of Zihrov's Poseidonis. A report from the scene in February 2000 reads: “Ash and gas emissions from the submarine eruptive fissure that started erupting in late 1998 is still continuing at Terceira, Azores. For over one year, the eruption is continuing at low, fluctuating levels.”

Now scientists like Pascal and others do not think that Poseidonis, or “Poseidia,” ever existed above the ocean surface. Such a conjecture does not even enter their minds. This is so because everything in their intellectual world of age-dated ocean floor rocks and sediments, magnetically-striped ocean floors, and models of Earth dynamics and sea-floor spreading reinforces the hypotheses that what is sea-floor now was sea-floor in the days of Cayce's Atlantis. Thus, Pascal and Others come to the conclusion that after a period of construction by hot-spot upwelling of rock from the mantle below, “the Azores plateau rifted apart. Rifting began at about 9 Ma [millions of years ago] in the north and propagated southward for about 6 Ma.” [V22A-05]

This is a far different story from that given in the Cayce readings on Atlantis, unless one is willing to accept the readings' assertion that the Azores portion of the central Atlantic ocean basin was above water after formation of the Azores plateau, and then sank in successive stages beginning around 19,400 years ago.

Rapid Uplift of a Lithospheric Sliver Near the Vema Fracture Zone (Central Atlantic) due to Change in the Pole of Rotation

M. Lugi and Others report on the Vema Fracture Zone, which offsets the Mid Atlantic Ridge by 190 miles at 10° N. The southern flank of the fracture valley is a prominent ridge that exposes a relatively undisturbed section of uplifted ocean crust. The uplift “is related to a change in the position of the pole of [Earth's] rotation [but] the rapid uplift did not cause major internal deformation of the lithospheric slab.” [T52C-12]

Here, then, the five authors of the abstract have come to the conclusion that a crustal segment of the Mid Atlantic seafloor was uplifted rapidly due to a pole shift 12 million years ago. One asks, if such uplift could happen then, could not at least some parts of Poseidia rise again, relatively undeformed, during the pole shift predicted in the readings for 2001?

Excursions, Transitions, and Secular Variation Over the Past 800,000 yrs: High-Resolution Geomagnetic and Rock Magnetic Records From a Mudwave on the Bahama Outer Ridge

G. Acton and Others report recovering cores from eight holes drilled in the mudwave lying on the seafloor under 15,645 feet of North Atlantic Ocean water. Although they don't say exactly how the ages of the sediments and rocks were determined, one infers that paleomagnetic data were used. This study indicates that the Atlantis of the Cayce readings was not above the waves at this location on the Bahama Outer Ridge for at least the last 800,000 years. The exact mudwave location is assumed to be somewhere near the 2,500 fathom contour on the figure. [GP11A-06]

Were The Dark Ages Triggered by Volcano-Related Climate Changes in the 6th Century?

K. Wohletz, a volcanologist at Los Alamos National Laboratory, contributed to David Keys's research on the origin of the great climatic cooling of the sixth century A.D. More on David Keys in the complete version of Wohletz's abstract given below.

"Modern history has its origins in the tumultuous 6th and 7th centuries. During this period agricultural failures and the emergence of the plague contributed to: (1) the demise of ancient super cities, old Persia, Indonesian civilizations, the Nasca culture of South America, and southern Arabian civilizations; (2) the schism of the Roman Empire with the conception of many nation states and the re-birth of a united China; and, (3) the origin and spread of Islam while Arian Christianity disappeared. In his book, Catastrophe! An Investigation into the Origins of the Modern World, author David Keys explores history and archaeology to link all of these human upheavals to climate destabilization brought on by a natural catastrophe, with strong evidence from tree-ring and ice-core data that it occurred in 535 A.D. With no supporting evidence for an impact-related event, I [K. Wohletz] worked with Keys to narrow down the possibilities for a volcanic eruption that could affect both hemispheres and bring about several decades of disrupted climate patterns, most notably colder, drier weather in Europe and Asia, where descriptions of months with diminished sun light, persistent cold, and anomalous summer snow falls are recorded in 6th -century written accounts. Writings from China and Indonesia describe rare atmospheric phenomena that possibly point to a volcano in the Indonesian arc. Although radiocarbon dating of eruptions in that part of the world is spotty, there is strong bathymetric and volcanic evidence that Krakatau might have experienced a huge volcanic eruption. Accordingly, I encouraged a scientific expedition to be led by Haraldur Sigurdsson to the area. The expedition found a thick pyroclastic deposit, bracketed by appropriate radiometric dates, that suggests such a caldera collapse did occur, perhaps in the 6th century. Bathymetry indicates a caldera some 40 to 60 km in diameter that, with collapse below sea level, could have formed the Sunda Straits, separating Java from Sumatra, as suggested by ancient Japanese historical writings. Such a caldera collapse likely involved eruption of several hundred cubic kilometers of pyroclastic debris, several times larger than the 1815 eruption of Tambora. This hypothetical eruption likely involved magma-seawater interactions, as past eruptions of Krakatau document, but on a tremendous scale. Computer simulations of the eruption indicate that the interaction could have produced a plume from 25 to greater than 50 km high (15 to 31 miles high), carrying from 50 to 100 cubic kilometers of vaporized seawater into the atmosphere. Although most of the vapor condenses and falls out from low altitudes, still large quantities are lofted into the stratosphere, forming ice clouds with super fine hydro-volcanic ash. Discussions with global climate modelers at Los Alamos National Laboratory led me to preliminary calculations such that a plume of ash and ice crystals could form a significant cloud layer over much of the northern and southern hemispheres. Orders of magnitude larger than previously studied volcanic plumes, its dissipation and impact on global albedo [increased reflection of sunlight], the tropopause height, and stratospheric ozone are unknown but certainly within possibilities for climate destabilization lasting years or perhaps several decades. If this volcanic hypothesis is correct, the global, domino-like effects upon epidemics, agriculture, politics, economics, and religion are far-reaching, elevating the potential of volcanism as a major climate control, and demonstrating the intimate link between human affairs and nature.” [V71C-07]

Just below is my write-up of the Public Broadcasting Systems' show on the same topic. The importance of the 6th century eruption and its effects on humanity relates most directly to the statement by Archangel Halaliel about “the darkening of the Sun” and the breaking up “of the Earth in diverse places.” (3976-15, 1/19/34) This is to occur, presumably, at the beginning of the predicted pole shift in 2001.

Hutton's commentary on “ CATASTROPHE!
The Day The Sun Went Out 1

A two-hour PBS program of this title reports on the origin, nature, and worldwide impacts of the climatic cooling of the mid sixth century. This is believed to have been due to the massive eruption of an Indonesian volcano.

A Syrian bishop, John of Ephesis, described the extraordinary events of 535-536 A. D., as follows:

"There was a sign from the Sun, the likes of which had never been seen or reported before. The Sun became dark, and its darkness lasted for about 18 months. Each day, it shown for about four hours and still this light was only a feeble shadow. Everyone declared that the Sun would never recover its full light again."

The inferred eruption of Krakatau in 535 was hundreds of times greater than any we know of, especially since the 20th century was one of the quietest on record for volcanic eruptions. The 535-555 interval began with significant solar darkening, a worldwide temperature decline and then led to floods and droughts, crop failures, and famines.

(Perhaps this is why Cayce readings 3620-1 and 257-254 say that "anyone who can should buy a farm, and buy it if you don't want to grow hungry in some days to come," for "the hardships for [America] have not yet begun, so far as the supply and demand for foods are concerned").

Bubonic plague occurred due to the cooler temperatures, which massively reduced populations. Traces of sulfate ions, from sulfuric acid produced by the eruption, are found in ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica, ruling out asteroid or comet impacts as the source of the sun-darkening dust. No wonder that the term Dark Ages is used to describe the physical and societal situations that developed beginning in 535 A.D.

Only equatorial volcanic eruptions can spread atmospheric dust in both hemispheres. Thus, the big Indonesian volcanoes like Krakatau are suspect for the 535 eruption. Today, we should watch the likes of Semeru (Java) or Kaba (Sumatra). Recall too that when Indonesia's Tambora erupted in 1815, it produced enough climate cooling to cause many New Englanders to move to the Ohio River Valley because they could grow no crops for two years and were concerned about the future. Most serious, however, was Mt. Toba's eruption, on Sumatra 71,000 years ago. That eruption blew 800 cubic kilometers of ash into the air -- 4,000 times as much as Mt. St. Helens -- the largest eruption in 400 million years.

Toba buried most of India under ash. This was a true cataclysm, as opposed to a less intense catastrophe, because it had significant worldwide effects. An estimated 75 percent of the Northern Hemisphere's plants may have died. At the end of the first six years of climate cooling, a thousand-year ice age began. Perhaps only a few thousand people, living in isolated pockets in Africa, Europe, and Asia survived. Thus, it's just possible that the readings'-predicted "darkening of the sun" may be severe enough that there will be little or no food to import from other countries, and it may take hundreds of years for a new social reality to emerge.

While it sounds foolish to even think in such terms, Earth scientists are familiar with assessing such possibilities. And, as one Hopi elder has said, "When the changes begin, there will be a big noise heard all over the Earth." Note that the 535 eruption was heard as a low rumble thousands of miles away. If we hear such a rumble, should we drive as quickly as possible to grocery and drug stores to load up on necessities? Well, as the saying goes, "Trust in God, but tie your camel first."


  1. Catastrophe! by David Keys. This is a 120-minute video and can be obtained from PBS Family Video Productions, P.O. Box 2284, South Burlington, VT 05407. The video is in the PBS Series entitled "Secrets of the Dead," and costs $25.00 plus S&H. (ISBN 07806-3190-0)